Regulations, Policy & Trade:
We will discuss the global seed trade and the need for formal national seed laws as well as their enforcement. Other topics will include analysis tags, variety registration, and certification. An introduction to intellectual property protection and access to germplasm will be discussed. We will review the new global phytosanitary regulatory policy that has been approved and is currently being implement. We will discuss how companies view seed treatments, how they are regulated, labeling, their phytosanitary role, and the stewardship guides available. We will do a high level overview of GMO regulations and discuss their impact on the seed industry. The ISF Rules for Trade in Seed for companies contracting seed production will be presented. Throughout the discussion we will be talking about the key stakeholder organizations that regulate or impact the global seed trade.
Successful plant breeding mandates the most effective use of intellectual property protection to protect innovations and intellectual capital so as to encourage continued investments into research. IP is also essential to allow licensing of germplasm and technologies. Licensing is an essential component of plant breeding as no single organization can develop all the tools necessary to develop traits or to undertake research. The terms conditioning economic costs of accessing and using germplasm from genebanks have been discussed over the past several decades and are now beginning to be formalized. Germplasm diversity is a key raw material of plant breeding and by innovative research and product development can become even more of a potential competitive advantage. Knowledge of the regulatory environment to access germplasm and to help protect newly developed germplasm is ever more crucial. This session will include discussion concerning International Treaties (UPOV, WIPO, CBD, IT-PGRFA) and their interactions, along with forms of intellectual property protection available to plant breeders.